Clinical Elective Courses: Descriptions
VMS 6700 Food Animal Medicine
(Course Leader: Dr. Dusty Nagy)
The VMS 6700 elective is offered as an offsite instructor approved rotation. The student is responsible for setting up the experience. All rotations at other academic institutions will be approved. Practice based rotations must offer unique experiences that are not obtainable through EFAST or at the teaching hospital and require instructor permission.
VMS 6710 Small Animal Community Practice
(Course Leader: Drs. Richard Meadows and Matthew Prator)
With the approval of this section's instructional leader (currently Dr. Richard Meadows), a student may select to complete a 2 week elective in dentistry, dermatology or high quality general small animal practice. This may be at another veterinary college or in a practice with an approved specialist. Also, with permission from Dr. Matthew Prator, and student numbers allowing a student may elect to spend those 2 weeks in the new Shelter medicine portion of VMS 6412 or at another approved institution.
VMS 6711 Small Animal Medicine
(Course Leader: Dr. Leah Cohn)
Internal medicine will be a continuation of the internal medicine section VMS 6411 and may be repeated. The elective student may choose between a clinical elective and a research elective. The clinical elective student will have the same responsibilities as a regular internal medicine student. The elective students will carry a caseload comparable to the regular students, and be evaluated in the same manner (ie, 70% subjective and 30% objective). The objective grade is based on either a multiple choice test or a project identified by the senior instructor on duty. The project may include preparation of educational materials for clients or the general public, or educational materials for other veterinary students. The research elective will involve either prospective or retrospective research with the intention of presenting results at Phi Zeta day in the spring of the year. The student will also attend internal medicine rounds and may care for medicine cases if an adequate case load permits this option. Generally, students choosing the research elective will discuss options with the internal medicine clinicians months in advance of the rotation to allow for adequate preparation of a project idea and efficient use of time while on rotation.
VMS 6720 Equine Medicine, Surgery or Ambulatory
(Course Leader: Dr. Philip Johnson)
Students may choose equine medicine, surgery, or ambulatory for 2 credits (2 weeks). Students repeating equine medicine and/or surgery will function in a way similar to students taking the rotation for the first time. It is anticipated that students may take the elective block before the required block. The student may, at the discretion of the instructor, have different responsibilities to include special projects or papers, and may be excluded from some responsibilities or experiences of the basic equine rotation. The student will be expected and encouraged to participate in equine medicine or surgery resident rounds. Participation in primary equine emergency service is an option but will not be required. However, the student will be expected to participate in secondary (back-up) emergency duty. Repeat students will be evaluating new cases and may be working with different instructors and house officers. Thus, the learning experience will build on the knowledge base achieved in the first rotation. The objective grade may be based on the results of formal examination, unless not required by the attending service leader. Elective student participation in the equine ambulatory service may also possible for students every 2 weeks (but only if the number of students on the 'required' ambulatory experience is less than 6).
The equine ambulatory is designed to give students experience with routine procedures encountered in equine practice. Preventive medicine, routine dentistry, lameness evaluations, and theriogenology are just a few areas of focus. The ambulatory truck is equipped with portable radiographic, ultrasonographic, and endoscopic equipment. Procedures are performed on donation and rescued horses at Middlebush farm in addition to case-based teaching centered on client-owned horses and their problems. Students will be familiarized with costs of drugs and equipment, and they gain experience dealing with clients by discussing cases, attaining permission for diagnostic procedures, describing diagnostic results, formulating a treatment plan, and invoicing for services.
VMS 6732 Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery
(Course Leader: Dr. F. A. Mann)
Students in this elective will have clinical case exposure and responsibility equivalent to students in the required Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery Rotation (VMS 6432). Also, VMS 6732 elective students will participate in daily rounds discussions and other educational activities along with the required Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery Rotation students. Elective students will participate in emergency call rotation along with required rotation students. Students need not take VMS 6432 before taking VMS 6732. Special permission from the course leader is not required for VMS 6732 unless the student wishes to repeat the elective. In other words, VMS 6732 may be taken only once, but may be taken a second time with course leader consent. The number of students who may take VMS 6732 in any given rotation is dictated by the overall course scheduling program that limits the total number of students on the Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery Rotation.
Two alternative options exist for VMS 6732:
- Students may take this elective off campus under the supervision of a board-certified surgeon in private practice. See the Office of the Dean of Academic Affairs and the VMS 6732 Blackboard site for details about this option. This is a nice option when the clinical rotation scheduling program indicates that there is no room for an on-campus VMS 6732 elective student. Course leader consent is necessary for this option to make sure proper arrangements have been made with the sponsoring board-certified surgeon.
- VMS 6732 may be used for a non-clinical elective in Small Animal Soft Tissue Surgery. Such an elective experience requires advanced planning with a specific faculty member of the Soft Tissue Surgery Service. This option requires course leader consent.
VMS 6734 Small Animal Orthopedic Surgery
(Course Leader: Dr. Derek Fox)
The objective of this course is to offer more clinical exposure to the diagnosis and treatment of orthopedic diseases in the small animal patient. Alternatively, this time may be used to complete a special orthopedic research project but that must be previously arranged with one of the senior faculty members (Cook, Tomlinson, Fox) before registration. The required orthopedic course is not a prerequisite for the elective course offered as similar clinical experiences are anticipated regardless of which is taken.
VMS 6736 Small Animal Neurology
(Course Leader: Dr. Joan Coates)
The neurology/neurosurgery rotation is designed to give students hands-on experience with clinical service, and medical and surgical neurology cases. During this rotation, the student will practice client communication skills, history taking, physical and neurologic examinations, and establish competence in the care, diagnosis and treatment of dogs and cats with neurologic diseases.
Students in this elective will have clinical case exposure and responsibility equivalent to students in the required Small Animal Neurology/Neurosurgery clinical rotation The elective can be taken before the required section. Elective students will participate in emergency call, duties and rounds along with the required block students.
VMS 6741 Radiology
(Course Leader: Dr. Christi Cook)
Elective A: Clinical Elective in Diagnostic Radiology: (emphasis in either small animal radiology or large animal radiology)
Students taking an elective in diagnostic radiology will be required to sign up for at least 2 weeks of the block and may elect to take 6 week block in this area. The outline of activities is as follows: The elective student will be expected to attend the staff resident rounds at the beginning of the day, on Monday and Wednesday afternoons the elective student will be required (at the discretion of the attending radiologist and technical staff) to assist the technicians and the regular block students in performing radiographic examinations in the small and/or large animal clinics, during the morning clinic hours the students will be required to "shadow" the clinician or resident on service on either the first or second floor of the hospital (animal holding will not be required during this time) and observe performance of any special procedures done by that clinician . The student will also be assigned to an independent study project consisting of reviewing cases from a designated portion of the clinical archives for inclusion in the student teaching file. For the independent study project the student will be required to review the films from cases in clinical archives and evaluate them for teaching interest, film quality and completeness. The student will cull unneeded films from those available and place the films of interest in a radiology teaching case folder along with a copy of the radiology report, any pathology report and a type written copy of the discharge summary for that case and visit. The student will be required to review the cases be has selected with a member of the radiology faculty and have those cases approved by the faculty member for inclusion in the teaching file. The elective student will also be required to present those cases to and discuss them with the regular clinic block students and faculty near the end of the regular radiology block student's rotation. This presentation will be in the form of a power point or similar format presentation and will form a mini seminar on the topic under discussion. This presentation is expected to be approximately 15-20 minutes in length. A minimum of 10 cases per 2 week rotation in the elective is required for satisfactory completion of the assignment. Grading will be subjective on the basis of attendance, participation in discussions with the radiologists in rounds and on the floor, completion of the independent study project and the quality of the work in that project (additional cases reviewed will be a positive factor). No examination will be required. Grading will be letter grades. There is a limit of 2 students per block in this elective. It may be taken before the regular block rotation and may be repeated.
Elective B: Clinical Elective in Special Diagnostic Imaging: (Ultrasound, CT, Nuclear Medicine, MRI)
(Course Leader: Dr. Isabelle Masseau)
This elective is an introduction to special imaging modalities including ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance and nuclear scintigraphy in small animal patients. A major part of the course will be devoted to recognition and interpretation of abdominal ultrasound. The goals of this rotation are first, to provide opportunities for elective students to be exposed to various diagnostic imaging modalities including ultrasound, computed tomography, nuclear scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging; second, to understand indications for use of and limitations of various imaging modalities; and third, to improve sonographic skills and interpretation of sonographic images.
Students electing to take the clinical elective will be required to attend the regular radiology staff resident rounds at the beginning of the day in order to be familiar with the discussion between the clinicians regarding cases that have had special diagnostic imaging examinations. The student will be required to be present for the performance of all ultrasound examinations and will be assigned specific times to be present for CT, MRI and nuclear scintigraphy examinations. During this elective, most of the time will be spent observing ultrasound examinations. In the case of ultrasound studies, when time and resources permit, the student will be encouraged to repeat the study and try to repeat the findings of the clinician. Unfortunately this is not possible in MR, CT and scintigraphy and may not always be possible with ultrasound examinations. When the student is not occupied with special imaging studies, he or she will be required to work on case reports (two ultrasound cases chosen by the student and two assigned cases related to MRI, CT or nuclear scintigraphy) and an oral presentation. Each ultrasound report will have to be ready for radiology staff resident rounds the day after the ultrasound exam. The other two case reports will need to be presented to the special imaging clinical instructor before the end of the two-week rotation so that they can be revised and included in the record of the patient. The oral presentation will be in the form of a power point given towards the end of the rotation (Friday, Monday or Tuesday depending on the number of elective students) and will form a mini seminar prepared for an audience consisting of regular and elective students. The topic of the presentation should be focused on an interesting case seen during the rotation for which the student was present during the examination. The presentation should include signalment, physical examination findings, results of diagnostics not restricted to imaging findings. The presentation should also elaborate on the disease process involved, and normal and abnormal imaging findings of the organ of interest. This presentation is expected to be approximately 15-20 minutes in length. In addition, the student will need to complete clinical competencies related to this elective and view a tutorial on basic physics and normal imaging findings. The rotation may be taken before or after the regular rotation in radiology. Grading will be A/F and based on attendance, participation in discussion, professionalism, case reports, view of the tutorial, oral presentation and satisfactory completion of the clinical competencies. There is a maximum of 3 students per rotation in this elective. This rotation cannot be repeated.
Elective C: Clinical Elective in Radiation Therapy
(Course Leader: Dr. Kim Selting)
Students election to take the clinical elective in radiation therapy will be required to attend the regular radiology staff/resident rounds at the beginning of the day in order to be familiar with case presented for evaluation by radiology. He/She will also be required to attend the weekly oncology rounds as well as the weekly radiation oncology rounds. The bulk of the remaining time will be spent in the radiation therapy facility (either at the Columbia or Wentzville location) observing the administration of radiation therapy to patients and observing the radiation oncologist as treatment plans are developed. The student will also be required to develop a power point type presentation on a selected topic in radiation therapy and present that to the remainder of the students on the radiology rotation and the radiology faculty near the end of the rotation. This presentation is expected to be approximately 15-20 minutes in length. The rotation may be taken before or after the regular rotation in radiology. Grading will be A/F and based on attendance, participation in discussion and satisfactory completion of the independent study project. There is a maximum of 1 student per rotation in this elective.
VMS 6742 Anesthesiology
(Course Leader: Dr. Keith Branson)
Students taking this elective will be assigned to anesthetize and monitor the more challenging anesthetic cases during the clinical rotation. Participation in small animal emergency duty may be scheduled. Students may elect to emphasize equine or food animal anesthesia, but limited participation in small animal anesthesia will be necessary. In addition, students will select a published hypothesis-driven research paper on a subject relevant to veterinary anesthesia and present that paper to the anesthesia service during anesthesia rounds.
(Course Leader: Dr. Dietrich Volkmann)
The only elective Theriogenology experiences that will be offered will be off-campus. Students are required to locate elective opportunities by themselves and then verify with the course coordinator that their chosen program meets the requirements for academic credit
VMS 6760 Small Animal Nutrition
(Course Leader: Dr. Craig Datz)
Instruction will occur during 2-weeks sessions of clinical blocks and include a mixture of nutritional evaluation of hospitalized patients and formally submitted in-house and extramural consult requests, topical reviews, laboratory exercises, rounds attendance, and field trips and/or tours. The overall objective will be to develop competence in assessment and provision of nutrition in hospitalized and outpatient dogs and cats. Participants will become familiar with commercial therapeutic diets and diets suitably formulated for life all stages. Use of product guides and other resources to compare, select, and formulate diets will be demonstrated and practiced. Individual research projects relevant to nutrition consultation may be assigned depending on need for completing formal consultation requests. A brief PowerPoint presentation of project may be requested.
Depending on availability, a tour of the Hill’s Pet and Nutrition Center (PNC) in Topeka, Kansas, will be part of the rotation. Tour will be 2 days in length with most of an additional day for travel. Arrangements for transportation, meals, and lodging will be made with staff of the PNC on an individual basis. The PNC is unique in that it has pilot plants for canned and dry diet manufacturing, analytical laboratories, facilities housing ~ 900 animals, and nutrition presentations at the same site. Upon returning, accounts of the experience and how it relates to the practice of clinical nutrition will be discussed. The tour is not my or our institution’s endorsement of the company. Our intension is not to encourage or discourage use the company’s products but rather to provide a unique educational experience that will complement your gaining a comprehensive understanding of small animal clinical nutrition.
Specific learning objectives:
- Perform nutritional assessments of hospitalized patients and outpatients.
- Formulate feeding plans and assisted nutrition by integrating patient history, physical exam, diagnostics, and ongoing findings.
- Evaluate progress and outcomes in nutritional cases, adjust recommendations as needed.
- Become familiar with commercial therapeutic and maintenance diets.
- Use product guides and other resources to compare diets and be able to recommend appropriate choices based on nutritional assessment.
- Participate in external nutrition consults and become familiar with formulation of home-prepared pet diets
Grading will be 50% objective and 50% subjective. Subjective evaluation will be based on attendance, participation, performance, enthusiasm, prior knowledge base, and clinical skills. Objective evaluation will be based on performance on written exams on assigned reading, reviewed articles, topical presentations, and case materials.
The elective rotation is 2-weeks in length within clinical instruction blocks during which Dr. Datz or Dr. Backus are available. Each rotation is limited to 2 to 4 students and will be held from 8 AM to 5 PM on week days of the session. Blocks during which the rotation currently is offer are:
- Block 1/9 (all).
- Block 4/12 (all).
- Block 2/10 (first & last third).
- Block 3/11 (last third).
- Block 8 (last third)
VPB 6884 Research Techniques in
(Course Leader: Dr. Craig Franklin)
Students will arrange a research project with a selected instructor prior to signing up for this elective. This course will consist of a 6 week hands-on experience with various research techniques. The student will be required to submit a paper and give a short presentation describing the methodologies used, research results, and interpretation. This research experience may also be the basis for a poster or oral presentation at the college or at a national meeting (No graduate school course credit is gained).
VMS 6800 Clinical Ophthalmology
(Course Leader: Dr. Jacqueline Pearce)
A 2-week elective in comparative ophthalmology will afford students an opportunity for concentrated study and experience on our clinical rotation. A maximum of 1 elective student per 2 week rotation will be accepted excepting select times during the year. The learning experience will build on the knowledge base achieved in the required 2 week rotation, thus students are strongly recommended to have completed the required rotation in ophthalmology (VMS 6460) prior to participating in this elective. However, the elective course may be taken prior to the required course only if it taken during the first section in a block. If the elective course is taken after the required course, it may be taken any section of the block.
Students will select a published hypothesis-driven research paper on a subject relevant to veterinary ophthalmology and present the paper to fellow colleagues and service members during ophthalmology rounds. The student will also be expected to complete one of the following 4 options (to be determined by the student and ophthalmology faculty): 1) prepare a review paper on a relevant topic of his/her choice; 2) write a case report for publication; 3) assist in research activities (which must involve more than technical assistance); or 4) create a case-based teaching module using PowerPoint that will serve as a teaching tool for future students. Elective students will be expected to manage the more challenging ophthalmology cases and possibly assist required rotation students with routine cases. Participation in ophthalmic surgical emergency duty will be expected during the 2 week elective period. Every effort will be made to accommodate special interests that a student may have during his/her elective experience. Once a year, typically in October or November, the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists hold their annual meeting at various locations in the United States. Details about the conference can be found at www.acvo.org. Students with a focused interest in ophthalmology are strongly encouraged to sign up for an elective during the block that overlaps with our national meeting if he/she would like to attend. Funding may be available to help cover transportation and hotel costs; however this is dependent on the fiscal health of the section and will vary from year to year.
VMS 6810 Cardiology
(Course Leader: Dr. Deborah Fine)
Cardiology elective consists of a two week clinical rotation in the small animal hospital. Duties include primary case receiving and patient care with clinical case work-up. Additional responsibilities include attendance at clinical rounds and participation in related clinical activities. Opportunities for emergency receiving and participation in interventional procedures are available as case material presents. Students must be currently enrolled in the VM curriculum. Students will be allowed to take a 2-week Cardiology elective rotation.
VMS 6821 Small Animal Emergency
and Critical Care
(Course Leader: Dr. Marie Kerl)
The objective of this course is to provide interested students with an opportunity for additional structured clinical exposure to small animal medicine and surgery and, in particular, emergency and critical care. The rotation can accommodate up to 3 elective students at a time. Teaching methods will consist of hands-on experience in the ICU, daytime and after-hours emergency receiving, participation in rounds, and a list of objectives to be achieved by the end of the rotation. This is a clinical rotation; therefore, daily rounds topics will vary with caseload. The checklist is provided to assure some consistency in course content among students rotating at different times.
Student scheduling will vary depending on the number of students taking the elective. Student schedules are designed for students to rotate through daytime, evening, and weekend emergency receiving during the course of a 2-week rotation in order to maximize the opportunities available to receive patients. If student numbers on rotation are sufficient to permit overnight on-call duty for small animal emergencies, then the course students may have some on-call emergency duty. While student scheduled vary, each student will be scheduled 2 consecutive days off for each 7 day period, and there is flexibility to trade duties with rotation-mates by mutual agreement. The contact time and activities may be altered for students taking the rotation for more than 2 weeks. The first day of the rotation will be Wednesday to be synchronized with core and other elective rotations. A practical examination will occur during this final day of the rotation. Grading will be both subjective and objective.
The elective may be taken prior to the required rotation and may be repeated; however the duties and schedules of students will be guided by the number of times a particular student has taken the rotation. Items such as the required checklist and practical examination will be completed on the first 2 weeks the student spends on the rotation regardless of whether the student is in the "required" or "elective' portions of the block, and will not be required thereafter if they were successfully completed.
VMS 6830 Food Animal Production
(Course Leader: Dr. Scott Poock)
Minimum of 5 students and maximum of 16. This course is offered during block 4/12 each year. The course will consist of class meetings and field trips. During the field trips, the students will have assignments in various areas of concern on the farm. The students will write a report for the producer on how the farmers can improve their operations. Swine, dairy, and beef management will be covered along with two days of poultry medicine. There will be emphasis on herd health evaluation, diagnostics, problem-solving, farm management, and economics. The goal is to teach the students preventative medicine and how to create proactive health programs that will enhance the profitability of the producer. There will be instructors from the agricultural industry, as well as faculty.
VMS 6850 Small Animal Specialty
Medicine II (currently oncology)
(Course Leader: Dr. Kim Selting )
Student performance will be assessed 70% subjectively based on clinical performance and 30% objectively based on a paper and presentation. Students will examine, diagnose, and treat animals presenting to the oncology service. Cytology, biopsy, bone marrow aspirate, and chemotherapy administration are among the procedures that will be routinely performed. Discussions will be held for one hour at least once daily to review case histories, lab results, radiographs, and CT scans. Formal cytology rounds are held once weekly with clinical pathologists. Students will be expected to become familiar with the clinical application of radiation therapy and chemotherapy. The student will be involved with ongoing clinical trials and will be expected to understand the mechanics of a clinical trial. May be taken up to two times.
VPB 6676 Laboratory Animal Medicine
(Course Leaders: Dr. Craig Franklin)
The University of Missouri Comparative Medicine Program (CMP) offers an elective experience ranging from 4-6 weeks. Activities in laboratory animal medicine, comparative pathology, comparative medicine research are available. The student will participate in all three, but may emphasize one or two areas.
LABORATORY ANIMAL MEDICINE: Students participate in day to day provision of clinical veterinary care to research animals. They assist and participate in routine health procedures, clinical observations, evaluations, diagnosis and designing treatment plans for a diverse group of animals including dogs, cats, rabbits, swine, rats, mice and non-human primates if the latter are currently present on the MU campus. Students also gain experience in laboratory animal practice/facility management and research animal regulations by observing interactions and problem solving between laboratory animal veterinarians, research staff and animal care staff. Students may also participate in experimental surgeries if the latter are ongoing during the clinical rotation.
COMPARATIVE PATHOLOGY: Students participate in health monitoring of research animal colonies and diagnosis of research animal diseases. Examinations may include necropsy, parasitology, histopathologic evaluation of tissues and evaluation of test results from microbiology, serology and molecular diagnostics laboratories. Students may also participate in projects involving research pathology if the latter are ongoing during the clinical rotation.
COMPARATIVE MEDICINE RESEARCH: Students are assigned a research project or special topic. The student conducts a literature review, implements the project, analyzes data generated and gives a short presentation at the completion of the externship. Alternative projects involving development of new procedures in animal care or quality assurance may also be available. Students may also rotate with post-DVM trainees of the CMP who are actively engaged in research projects. During these rotations, students discuss projects and participate in laboratory procedures.
ADDITIONAL ACTIVITIES: Students may also participate in a variety of ongoing activities such as seminars, lab meetings, animal handling laboratories and rounds. Opportunities to visit regional research facilities and specialized facilities on the MU campus such as the Laboratory of Infectious Diseases and the National Swine Resource and Research Center are also available. Students are under the direct supervision of clinical veterinarians, research scientists, comparative pathologists and post-DVM trainees throughout the elective experience.
This course requires instructor permission and can be repeated. Credit for Laboratory Animal elective experiences at other institutions require prior instructor approval. Please contact Dr. Franklin.
VPB 6679 Diagnostic Pathology & Special Species
(Course Leader: Dr. Gayle Johnson)
Students MUST have completed VP 6647 Diagnostic Pathology and Special Species Medicine I (required Path Block) before taking this elective course. In very rare circumstances, if the student has prior pathology experience, exceptions will be considered.
Students repeating this pathology rotation could potentially have different responsibilities, to include special projects or papers, and be excluded from some experiences gained in the first rotation. The learning experience will build on the knowledge base achieved in the first rotation. Students must identify a mentor and develop a plan for the required elective before approval by the VMDL Instructional Coordinator. Mentors may be in the areas of anatomic pathology, clinical pathology, toxicology or microbiology. An oral presentation and/or written report is required at the end of the block.
Off-site electives may receive credit with prior approval of a VMDL faculty member familiar with the host institution and the quality of the education received at the off-campus location. Off-site electives in special species medicine may be taken prior to the required Path Block.
(Course leaders – Wayne Hause; CVM contact Leah Cohn)
This 2 week clinical rotation is taught off-site at a private veterinary specialty practice, Associated Veterinary Specialists (AVS), in St. Louis, MO. Teaching will be largely centered on cases seen by the veterinarians on clinical duty at AVS, with students participating to the extent deemed appropriate by the supervising clinician and in accordance with all practice regulations of veterinary licensure in the state of Missouri. Detailed case discussion, reading assignments, and other interactions will be at the discretion of the supervising veterinarians. Grading will be entirely subjective and based on the supervising veterinarian’s assessment of the student’s knowledge base, communication skills, participation and engagement, work ethic, technical skills, communications skills, and other areas of performance. Housing must be arranged by each student at their own expense.
VMS 6751 External Food Animal Service and Theriogenology
Teaching Program (EFASTP) Course Outline
(Course Leader: Dr. Loren Schultz)
I. Course Description
1. The objective of this course is to offer veterinary students at MU additional options for clinical training in Theriogenology and Food Supply Veterinary Medicine beyond the core curriculum. It may be taken for 2, 4, or 6 weeks depending on availability of host practices.
2. The External Food Animal Service and Theriogenology Teaching Program is cooperative program between veterinary practitioners, the College of Veterinary Medicine and the Robert J. and Elizabeth M. Gourley Foundation.
3. The course will be offered during the clinical blocks 1, 3, 4, 8, 9, 11, and 12
II. Selection of students for the EFASTP
1. A list of practitioners will be made for each clinical block. Students wanting to participate will rank the practitioners based on the description of the food animal and theriogenology case load provided by the practitioner.
2. If enough slots are available students will be assigned to the practice the ranked the highest.
3. When multiple students rank a practice the same and not enough slots are available preference will be given to the students with the best combined grades in their food animal and theriogenology didactic courses available at least three months prior to the clinical block the select.
4. In the event that more students select this elective than there are slots available, students not assigned to a practice will be given the choice of participating in the food animal medicine and surgery clinical elective during that block or opting out the elective completely.
5. Students participating in the course will be required to evaluate the practice they attend. This evaluation will be used in determining the suitability of the practice to host students.
6. One student on each clinical block will participate in the end of block meeting with the VMTH Department Head to discuss the program.
III. Administration of the Program:
1. Dr. Loren Schultz will be the course coordinator.
2. A MU faculty member will visit the practice(s) and student(s) to observe the functioning of the EFASTP.
3. The course coordinator will conduct exit interviews with each student.
4. At the conclusion of the first three months, the EFASTP will be critiqued by the Food Supply faculty, Theriogenology faculty, Theriogenology Task Force, and Food Animal Advisory Committee.
5. Input from the practices, the students, faculty, Task Force and the Advisory Committee will be used to modify the EFASTP on an ongoing basis as needed.
6. The Dean’s Office and the Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Department’s Chair will be updated on the EFASTP quarterly on February 01, May 01, August 1, and November 1.
7. Student’s travel expenses at the beginning and end of external practice experience will be reimbursed upon proper submission of Form UM11 to the Course Coordinator.
8. Students in practices will be reimbursed for a limited number of meals that are not furnished by the external veterinary practice.
9. Student and participating practitioners expenses as specified in this program will be funded from a gift by the Robert J. and Elizabeth M. Gourley Foundation which is intended to strengthen the CVM theriogenology program.
IV. Grading Criteria
1. Every clinician in a participating practice that has clinical contact with a student will complete the student evaluation form used by the faculty of the Food Animal Section. This (these) form(s) will be sent to the course coordinator by US or e-mail when the student finishes their stay in the practice.
2. Practitioners and students will each have a copy of the Proficiencies, Skills, Tasks and Competencies List (see Section VI). The practitioner will initial each Proficiency, Skill, Task or Competency that the student performs on both the practitioner’s and the student’s lists. The student will keep their copy. The practitioner will return their copy of the list to the course coordinator along with the form in V. 1. above.
3. Each student under the supervision of a practitioner will perform at least 15 of the items of the Proficiencies, Skills, Tasks, or Competencies List.
4. For each two hours of credit, students will be required to submit two (2) two-page, double spaced, referenced case reports on cases seen by the student in the practice and approved by the practitioner as part of the course requirements.
5. The course coordinator will evaluate the forms and will be responsible for assigning a grade for each participating student.
V. Proficiencies, Skills, Tasks and Competencies List
A. Large Animal
1. Correctly place a halter on a bovine.
2. Restrain a bovine with a lariat.
3. Restrain a porcine with a snare
4. Demonstrate and discuss the proper the proper use of a bull lead.
5. Discuss and demonstrate the safe operation of a head catch or squeeze chute.
6. Perform a rectal examination in the bovine.
7. Palpate a cow’s reproductive tract for pregnancy.
8. Palpate a mare’s reproductive tract for pregnancy.
9. Perform regional blocks for abdominal surgery in the bovine.
10. Castrate a calf.
11. Castrate a horse.
12. Castrate a piglet.
13. Castrate a small ruminant.
14. Assist with a ruminant caesarian section.
15. Assist with a porcine caesarian section.
16. Assist with a mare caesarian section
17. Perform a breeding soundness examination on a bull.
18. Perform a breeding soundness examination on a stallion.
19. Perform a breeding soundness examination on a ram or buck.
20. Use ultrasound to diagnose pregnancy in a cow/heifer.
21. Use ultrasound to diagnose pregnancy in a mare.
22. Use ultrasound to diagnose pregnancy in a small ruminant.
23. Use ultrasound to diagnose pregnancy in a sow/gilt.
24. Exam an equine’s foot.
25. Properly administer a subcutaneous injection in various species.
26. Properly administer an intramuscular injection in various species.
27. Demonstrate an intravenous injection in various species.
28. Pass a stomach tube on a bovine.
29. Pass a stomach tube on an equine.
30. Administer fluids to a calf via an esophageal feeder.
31. Administer a bolus to a baby calf.
32. Administer a bolus to an adult bovine via a balling gun.
33. Determine the age of cattle by their dentition.
34. Discuss the proper storage and handling of drugs and vaccines.
35. Auscultate normal and abnormal lungs.
36. Examine and auscultate cattle with abdominal disorders, i.e., displaced abomasums, bloat, grain overload, etc.
37. Perform a rumenotomy.
38. Discuss Beef and Dairy quality assurance.
39. Discuss biosecurity and biocontainment.
40. Dehorn a baby ruminant by electro-cautery
41. Dehorn older cattle with Barnes or Keystone dehorners with hemostasis.
42. Demonstrate local anesthesia for the cornual nerve.
43. Demonstrate proper tattooing of cattle.
44. Properly apply a third eyelid flap.
45. Assist in obstetrical procedures any species.
46. Demonstrate the correct procedures for collecting sterile quarter milk samples.
47. Properly place implants in cattle ears.
48. Discuss and demonstrate the proper use and care of reusable syringes.
49. Perform an epidural block in a bovine/small ruminant.
50. Assist with the replacement of a prolapsed vagina, uterus, or rectum.
51. Perform and interpret the California Mastitis Test.
52. Conduct a physical examination on a bovine and/or small ruminant.
53. Conduct a physical examination on an equine.
54. Conduct a physical examination on a porcine
55. Demonstrate and discuss body condition scoring of beef animals.
56. Demonstrate and discuss body condition scoring of dairy breeding females.
57. Demonstrate and discuss body condition scoring of small ruminants.
58. Repair a cut or laceration.
59. Treat and discuss causes of neonatal pig diarrhea.
60. Use and discuss synchronization programs in bovine or porcine.
61. Demonstrate knowledge of proper nutrition for beef/dairy/small ruminant or porcine production.
62. Be exposed to production records (i.e. DHIA, CowSense, Pig Champ, etc.)
63. Analyze ventilation systems in a commercial swine operation.
64. Be exposed to regulatory veterinary medicine
B. Small Animal
46. Perform a breeding soundness examination on a dog.
47. Assist with a cat or dog caesarian section.
48. Castrate a dog.
49. Castrate a cat.
50. Spay a cat.
51. Spay a dog.
52. Perform and explain vaginal cytology in the bitch.