Etiology: Salmonella enterica along with protozoal infestation and food deprivation have all been reported to be causes of enteritis in gerbils. Salmonella is a Gram-negative, toxin-producing, invasive, enteric bacterium. The most common serotype of Salmonella enterica to infect gerbils is serovar Typhimurium.
Incidence: The incidence of infection with Salmonella is rare.
Transmission: The disease is spread by the fecal-oral route. Food, water, and bedding may be contaminated by infected feces.
Clinical Signs: The affected animal may rarely have moderate to severe diarrhea, but frequently displays a rough hair coat, weight loss, depression, and dehydration. Acute death will sometimes be encountered.
Pathology: Gross lesions may include a congested liver, gastrointestinal distension, and fibrinosuppurative peritonitis.
Diagnosis: Diagnosis of Salmonella is made by culture.
Public Health Significance: Humans ingesting Salmonella contaminated food or water may experience a transient diarrhea. Children or immunocompromised adults may experience more severe disease . The disease in humans is reportable.
1. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Salmonella typhimurium associated with rodents purchased at retail pet stores–United States, December 2003-October 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2005. 54(17): p. 429-33.