Etiology: Salmonella enterica is a Gram-negative, lactose-negative, aerobic, nonlactose fermenting, H2S producing rod. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimuriumhas been shown to infect guinea pigs.
Transmission: Salmonellae are transmitted by ingestion through direct contact with contaminated feces, food or fomites.
Public Health Significance: Humans ingesting Salmonella – contaminated food or water experience a transient diarrhea. Children or immunosuppressed adults are susceptible to more serious clinical disease from Salmonella infection .
Please see guinea pig Bacterial Diseases for more detailed information.